The Ancient Mayan City of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico
Maya name "Chichen Itza"
means " at the edge of the Itza's well." The word
Chichen derives from
chi', meaning "mouth" or "edge", and ch'e'en,
meaning "well." Itzá is the name of an ethnic-lineage group
that dominated the northern peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico
prior to the Spanish Conquest. It is believed that
"Itza" derives from the Maya itz, meaning
"magic," and (h)á, meaning "water;" Itzá
means: "Water Magicians." Archaeologists today believe that
this majestic Mayan city rose as a prominent power towards
the end of the Mayan Early Classic Period (600 AD) and
current scholastic data places Chichen Itza's fall around AD
1000. Chichen Itza was a major economic power in the
northern Mayan region during its apogee. The city's
impressive architecture and urban design still marvels
visitors and has won Chichen Itza to be included in the new
list of the seven wonders of the world, and is one of
UNESCO's World Heritage sites.
The Amazing Beauty
of Chichen Itza: Important Places and Mayan Temples to Visit
at the Archaeological Zone of Chichen Itza
Itza's Urban Design:
The urban design found in Chichen Itza is highly impressive
and well planned with many Mayan Temples grouped in a series
of architectonic sets. The four well known set of
Mayan pyramids and temples in Chichen Itza; three are open
to the public:
Great North Platform,
which includes Kukulkan Pyramid, known in
Spanish as El Castillo; plus the Temple of
Warriors and the Great Ball Court.
The Ossario Group,
which includes the Ossario pyramid, the Xtoloc temple,
and the cenote of the Xtoloc.
The Central Group,
which includes the Observatory or El Caracol,
of Las Monjas and La Iglesia, plus the
lovely Mayan temple of Akab Dzib.
forth set is known as or Chichen Viejo only
opened to archaeologists and is located inside the
Hacienda Chichen private Mayan Jungle Reserve in the
south region of Chichen Itza. Among the temples found in Old
Chichen are the Group of the Initial Series, the Group of
the Lintels, and the Group of the Old Castle. The past ten
Dr. Merle Greene has dedicated many summers to work
recording many of the Mayan stone-carvings in these Mayan
temples; a lovely collection of her original "rubbings"
can be seen by the Hacienda Chichen guests at the hotel's
Merle Greene's Museum.
Itza Cenotes: The ancient city of Chichen Itza is
located in Northern Yucatan, an arid region where
underground fresh water ways run through it rather than
rivers; such waterways form natural skink holes called
cenotes in Spanish. There are two open cenotes in
Chichen Itza's archaeological zone, the most famous is the
Sacred Cenote at the north side of the Kukulkan Pyramid.
Edward Herbert Thompson dredged El Cenote Sagrado, 1904
to 1910, and recovered artifacts of gold, jade, pottery,
Important Places to Visit near Hacienda Chichen and Yaxkin
Chichen Itza, of course is known now for the
impressive Kukulkan Mayan Temple, an ancient Mayan pyramid that became
part of the 2007 Seven Wonders of the World. This ancient Mayan city
has been the most famous of all
Mayan archaeological zones
in Yucatan, Mexico. Today, Chichen Itza offers many Mayan
Thus, we recommend travelers to stay at
least two night in our eco-friendly resort to explore and
enjoy the various
this great region offers, including the nightly Light and
Sound Show at Chichen Itza after a short "siesta" in your
room or cottage terrace over viewing
our Maya Jungle
gardens; do visit our private
Merle Greene Museum
Yaxkin Spa unique Mayan
Natural Cave, where guests enjoy the purification ancient
Mayan ceremonial mysticism at this original natural holistic
sweat-bath and cleansing
Zumpul-che ceremony, within Hacienda Chichen's ritual garden.
a special treat for Hacienda Chichen guests since it is the
south area of Chichen Itza located within the grounds of the
hotel property; although nowadays it is not open to the
general public, especial guests can request a visit permit
to the official team of archaeologists. A short southbound
walk from the Casco or
Main Colonial House
bring you to the site of Chichen Viejo which is under
in 1519, Hernan Cortez navigated the Yucatan coastline
during the his conquest travels of the New world. It
is assumed that the Dresden Mayan Codex was one of the
many treasures and gifts he sent to the King of Spain; such
codex, experts agree today, originally came from Chichen
Itza during the post-classical Maya period, in 1250 A. C.
This beautifully crafted ancient Mayan manuscript has been
an important key for the study and understanding of
Gods, numbers, hieroglyphs and writing. This piece of
information is of utmost importance to today's J-Men and
Mayan Senior Wiseman since the codex contains important
description of the Mayan Cosmo-vision, holistic
understanding of mankind, the planet, gods, and astronomical
The Dresden Codex also contains a
calendar for the different Mayan gods, tables of solar and
lunar eclipses, calculations of the planet movements,
especially Venus and Mars, and many Mayan cultural
traditions that are all part of Yaxkin Spa
Healing Care and purification ceremonies.
What to Do when in
Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico:
Eco-Cultural Activities and Mayan Ceremonial Events to
Where to Stay in Chichen Itza ?
For Nature and Culture Lovers as well as Gourmet Healthy
Food Conscious Travelers and those that wish to truly
experience the Mayan Cultural Heritage of Yucatan, Mexico,
the place to stay while visiting Chichen Itza is
Hacienda Chichen Resort.
As a guest at Hacienda Chichen Resort
and Yaxkin Spa,
you have the unique opportunity to enjoy natural
purification Spa treatments rooted in Mayan holistic healing
traditions as you discover our
Mayan Cultural traditions, and
explore many fascinating ancient Mayan temples and ruins in
What to Do in Chichen Itza ?
Visit the Mayan temples and ancient Mayan ruins of the
archaeological zone, including the Kukulkan Pyramid,
the Mayan Ball Court, or the Observatory where ancient Mayan
scientists observed and studied the Cosmos, our Milky Way
Galaxy, and Solar Planetarium System with much emphasis on
Venus, the Moon, and Solar equinox rhythms.
Book a Mayan Holistic Spa Ritual and Therapy at Yaxkin Spa
- Do take the opportunity to experience a Mayan holistic
healing Spa care, a unique intimate way to understand the
cultural heritage of ancient Maya wisdom.
Find our Spa menu here.
Explore the Maya world and fascinating Eco-wonders:
Visit the Hacienda Chichen private Mayan
Jungle Reserve and Bird Refuge, take a Mayan Nature
Guided Tour or a Bird-Watching Tour with a Mayan Guide, you
will be fascinated with the endemic flora and fauna of the
region, the Mayan language and legends that continue to be
part of the Mayan rural traditions and belief system.
any of the multiple natural cenotes or Mayan
water ways and underground lake-like sinkholes of fresh
crystal clear waters. Enjoy the natural cave
formations of this unique land and explore its underground
rivers and beauty.
small rural villages and discover the Mayan crafts and
talents, if you enjoy the traditional art and crafts
of the Maya, take the opportunity to visit Mayan hammock
weavers, clay potters, embroiderers, and wood carvers in
their own home towns.
Mayan Cooking Classes with Chef Josue Cime and enjoy
collecting your own Organic ripe fruits, vegetables, herbs,
and spices from the Organic Gardens at Hacienda Chichen
Resort. Learn ancient Mayan and Fusion Cuisine with a
healthy approach; then enjoy your own cooking under the
stars with a glass of fine wine.
participate in any of the great Mayan Calendar Festivity:
2013 MAYA EQUINOX:
March 21ST. 2011 - 2013 at 10AM the Senior Mayan J-Men
Healers and Shamans will celebrate a mystical Spring Equinox Mayan Ceremony
at Hacienda Chichen's Sacred Mayan Ceremonial Site,
participation is "free", for further information view
Yucatan Adventure's Mayan
Ceremonies and Rituals Calendar
after the open
to the public free Mayan Equinox Ceremony, J-Men Mayan
Healer and J-Men (Shaman) will be offering the Zumpul-che
mystical rituals and Mayan Holistic Purification Ceremonies
(3 sessions) to small groups of participants, for
further information, booking, and price per person
Yaxkin Spa offers
you a variety of skin and body natural care,
including purification and nutritious organic skin treatments to
restore the natural beauty of your body, skin, face, hair,
Come enjoy Mother Nature gifts: organic algae body rich care,
skin purification, skin aging prevention care, relaxation,
release massages, feet deluxe Spa treatments and much more!
We recommend you book a Mayan Spa Vacation
package or any of the various great Yucatan Spa Resort Vacation
Packages offered by
your Mayan Vacation Portal. If you would like to save 10%, book a prepaid Yaxkin Spa Maya Beauty or Purification Ritual in our sister website
Chichen Services, our Mayan Vacation Packages Portal . Chichen Services is dedicated to help you plan fun cultural and ecological experiences while visiting Yucatan.
Please read our service policies.
Or book directly through Yaxkin Spa